why do you have pain during your period

Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea or period pains, are painful sensations felt in the lower abdomen that can occur both before and during a woman's menstrual period. The pain ranges from dull and annoying to severe and extreme. Menstrual cramps tend to begin after an egg is released from the ovaries and travels down the fallopian tube (
). Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type and is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and lower beginning 1-2 days before the period and lasting from 2-4 days. There is no underlying problem that is causing the pain Secondary dysmenorrhea is characterized by cramping pains that are due to an identifiable medical problem such as, uterine, or. You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories. Also look out for links to information about related conditions. Who gets menstrual cramps? About half of women experience menstrual cramps, and about 15% describe the pain as severe. It has been shown that women who do not exercise experience more painful menstrual cramps. Certain psychological factors such as emotional stress may also increase the likelihood of having uncomfortable menstrual cramps.

Additional risk factors for these cramps include: Starting Never given birth. What causes menstrual cramps? During each menstrual period, if there is no sperm to fertilize the egg, the uterus contracts to expel its lining. This process is driven by the release of hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which is associated with pain and in higher levels. These uterine contractions cause most of the pain felt during menstrual cramps because the contractions inhibit blood flow to the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). In addition, substances known as leukotrienes are also elevated during menstruation, and they may be the cause of menstrual cramps. Women with delayed sleep phase syndrome are more likely to report irregular menstrual cycles and premenstrual symptoms,. Several underlying medical conditions are also capable of causing menstrual cramps. These include: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - a Cervical stenosis - the opening of the cervix is small and limits menstrual flow. The symptoms of menstrual cramps? Dull, throbbing, cramping pain in the lower abdomen Lightheadedness - feeling faint. On the next page we look at the diagnosis of menstrual cramps and how menstrual cramps can be treated and prevented.

There may not be an identifiable cause of your painful menstrual periods. Certain women are at a higher risk for having painful menstrual periods. Risk factors include: having experienced early puberty, which is puberty before the age of 11 Hormone-like substances called prostaglandins trigger muscle contractions to help your uterus expel its lining each month. These contractions can cause pain and inflammation. Women with higher levels of prostaglandins may experience more severe menstrual cramping and pain. ( In some cases, such as with secondary dysmenorrhea, painful menstrual periods can be the result of an underlying medical condition, such as: pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries often caused by sexually transmitted infections adenomyosis, a rare condition in which the uterine lining grows into the muscular wall of the uterus cervical stenosis, a rare condition in which the cervix is so small it slows menstrual flow ( Certain types of birth control, specifically intrauterine devices (IUDs) made of copper, are associated with increased pain during menstruation.

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