why were the twin towers attacked on 9 11
The 9/11 Memorial opened on September 11, 2011, the 10th anniversary of the attacks. It
Twin Towers once stood. The Memorial was designed by two architects, Michael Arad and Peter Walker, whose proposal was selected in a design competition out of 5,201 submissions from 63 countries. the North and South towers. This is where the towers used to stand. The pools feature 30-foot waterfalls Б the largest man-made waterfalls in North America. The water cascades into reflecting pools, finally disappearing into the center voids. The names of people who were killed in the 9/11 attacks in New York, at the Pentagon, and on Flight 93, as well as in the 1993 bombing at the WTC, are etched in bronze around the edges of the pools. white oak trees, creating a space for reflection separate from the sights and sounds of the surrounding city. The trees were selected from a 500-mile radius of the WTC site, including nurseries located in New York, Pennsylvania, and near Washington, DC, to symbolize areas impacted on 9/11. On September 11, 2001, at 8:45 a. m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the in City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. As the evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767БUnited Airlines Flight 175Бappeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and sliced into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below.
America was under attack. Did You Know? September 11, 2001, was the deadliest day in history for New York City firefighters: 343 were killed. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin LadenБs al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for AmericaБs support of Israel, its involvement in the and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and had taken flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. Others had slipped into the country in the months before September 11 and acted as the БmuscleБ in the operation. The 19 terrorists easily smuggled box-cutters and knives through security at three East Coast airports and boarded four flights bound for, chosen because the planes were loaded with fuel for the long transcontinental journey. Soon after takeoff, the terrorists commandeered the four planes and took the controls, transforming ordinary commuter jets into guided missiles. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown, D. C. , and slammed into the west side of the military headquarters at 9:45 a. m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. All told, 125 military personnel and civilians were killed in the Pentagon, along with all 64 people aboard the airliner. Less than 15 minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U. S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke.
The structural steel of the skyscraper, built to withstand winds in excess of 200 miles per hour and a large conventional fire, could not withstand the tremendous heat generated by the burning jet fuel. At 10:30 a. m. , the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to 3,000 people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including a staggering 343 firefighters and paramedics, 23 New York City police officers and 37 Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped on higher floors. Only six people in the World Trade Center towers at the time of their collapse survived. Almost 10,000 others were treated for injuries, many severe. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound planeБUnited Flight 93Бwas hijacked about 40 minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone and Airfone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned an insurrection. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr. , told his wife over the phone that БI know weБre all going to die. ThereБs three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Б Another passengerБTodd BeamerБwas heard saying БAre you guys ready? LetБs rollБ over an open line. Sandy Bradshaw, a flight attendant, called her husband and explained that she had slipped into a galley and was filling pitchers with boiling water. Her last words to him were БEveryoneБs running to first class. IБve got to go. Bye. Б The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher.
The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground at upwards of 500 miles per hour, crashing in a rural field in western at 10:10 a. m. All 45 people aboard were killed. Its intended target is not known, but theories include the White House, the U. S. Capitol, the Camp David presidential retreat in or one of several nuclear power plants along the eastern seaboard. At 7 p. m. , President, who had spent the day being shuttled around the country because of security concerns, returned to the White House. At 9 p. m. , he delivered a televised address from the Oval Office, declaring, БTerrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve. Б In a reference to the eventual U. S. military response he declared, БWe will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them. Б Operation Enduring Freedom, the American-led international effort to oust the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin LadenБs terrorist network based there, began on October 7. Within two months, U. S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued, as U. S. and coalition forces attempted to defeat a Taliban insurgency campaign based in neighboring Pakistan. , the mastermind behind the September 11th attacks, remained at large until May 2, 2011, when he was finally tracked down and killed by U. S. forces at a hideout in Abbottabad, Pakistan. In June 2011, President announced the beginning of large-scale troop withdrawals from Afghanistan, with a final withdrawal of U. S. forces tentatively scheduled for 2014.
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