why do people get anorexia and bulimia

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What Is Anorexia? , anorexia for short, is an that can have fatal consequences. People suffering from anorexia consume very restrictive quantities of food, which leads to starvation. Eventually they can become dangerously thin and malnourished -- yet still perceive themselves as. Frequently, people with anorexia become so undernourished that they have to be hospitalized. Even then they deny that anything is wrong with them. Anorexia usually develops during puberty. Nine out of 10 people with anorexia are female and one in every 100 U. S. women is anorexic. A person can be considered anorexic when she restricts her food intake to such an extent it leads to significantly low accompanied by an intense fear of gaining weight and an excessive concern with body weight or shape.

There are two subtypes of anorexia: One type is linked to a different type of called, which is characterized by ''bingeing and purging;'' a person eats and then deliberately vomits. The other subtype manifests itself through severe restriction of food and calories. A person with anorexia becomes obsessed about food and weight. She or he may develop peculiar eating rituals, such as refusing to eat in front of other people or arranging food on the plate in a certain order. Many people with anorexia seem to care a lot about food. They may collect cookbooks and prepare sumptuous meals for their friends and families -- but they don't join in. Often, they also maintain an intensive regimen.

What Causes Anorexia? The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unknown. However, the condition sometimes runs in families; young women with a parent or sibling with an are likelier to develop one themselves. Then there are psychological, environmental, and social factors that may contribute to the development of anorexia. People with anorexia come to believe that their lives would be better if only they were thinner. These people tend to be perfectionists and overachievers. In fact, the typical anorexic person is a good student involved in school and community activities. Many experts think that anorexia is part of an unconscious attempt to come to terms with unresolved conflicts or painful childhood experiences.

While sexual abuse has been shown to be a factor in the development of, it is not associated with the development of anorexia. The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unclear, but m ost specialists believe it's likely to be the result of a combination of factors. Many people who develop anorexia share certain personality and behavioural traits that may make them more likely to develop the condition. These include: a tendency towardsP and perfectionismPPsetting strict, demanding goals or standards having feelings of obsession and compulsion, but not necessarily P unwanted thoughts, images or urgesPthat compel themPto perform certain acts It's also been suggested some people with anorexia have an overwhelming fear of being fat.

Pseems to be an important environmental factor contributing to anorexia. It may be the combination of hormonal changes and feelings of stress, anxiety and low self-esteemPduring puberty that triggers anorexia. Western culture and society may also play a part. GirlsP and, to a lesser extent, boysPPare exposed to a wide range of media messages that constantly reinforce thePidea that being thin is beautiful. Magazines and newspapers alsoPfocus on celebrities' minor physical imperfections, such as gaining a few pounds or having cellulite. pressures and stress at school, such as exams or, particularly teasing about body weight or shape occupations or hobbies where being thin is seen as the ideal, such as dancing or athletics a stressful life event, such as losing a job, the breakdown of a relationship, or Anorexia often starts off as a form of dieting that gradually gets out of control.

It's been suggested changes in brain functionPor hormone levels may also have a role in anorexia, although it's not clear if these lead to anorexia orPif they develop later as a result of. These changes may affect the part of the brainPthat controls appetite, or may lead to feelings of anxiety and guilt when eating that improve when meals are missed or after excessivePexercise. The risk of someone developing anorexia is also thought to be greater in people with a family history ofP, depression, or substance misuse, which suggests genes could play a role.

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