why do they call africa the dark continent

Natural wonders of Africa are spectacular, spell bound, mesmerizing and enthralling. The amazing wonders of nature are found throughout the continent of Africa. Namibia Desert is one of the natural wonders found in Africa that stretches 1,000 miles from North to South and is known for being the oldest desert on the earth. Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in the entire world. It has a height of 19,341 feet with its peak covered with snow year around.

Ecologically significant and extremely beautiful Congo caves stand among the most mysterious natural wonders of the world. They present a majestic display of limestone formation with an extensive range of natural colors. Situated between the limestone hills, this wonder attracts flocks of people every year. A visit to Africa would be incomplete without witnessing the majestic and breathtaking beauty of Victoria Falls that extend along the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe.

It is among the two most powerful water falls in the world. Besides viewing the falls, you can set a boat trip below the falls or even observe it from the helicopter depending upon your wish!
Africa, the Dark Continent. A romantic name for an unknown and under explored region of the world to the Europeans of the 19th century.

In the late 1700's and early 1800's many early explorers set off to chart and discover the unknown continent. At that time most of the coast line of the continent was know and mapped, but very few (Europeans) had any idea what lay much further and a few kilometers inland. Early explorations of the continent centered around issues such as the source if the Nile River, people knew that it was a great river and had given birth to the ancient Egyptian civilization, but very little else.

The other obvious issue was where the local (coastal) traders obtained their supplies of ivory, gold, minerals and slaves that they bartered at the major sea ports along the coast. Added to that were stories of fabulosly rich and lost mines and lost civilizations.

Many (mostly English) explorers set off to explore the "Dark Continent", people like Livingstone and Stanley were funded privately, as well as by newspapers and societies (such as the Geographical Society of London) who then used their exploits to sell newspapers and increase the storehouse of geographical knowledge of an expanding world.