why do we need a constitution in india

Most countries in the world have a Constitution. All Democratic Countries have a constitution that governs it. A Country that has a constitution is not necessarily a Democratic country. Constitutions are written and followed by countries for various reasons. Now let us look at the different reasons for which these constitutions are written : A constitution puts down certain principles that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens, desire to live in. A Constitution tells us the fundamental nature of our society.

A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed. The constitution also spells out the ideals the citizens believe that their country should uphold. A country is usually made up of different communities of people who have different beliefs; the main aim of the constitution will be to fulfill the beliefs of a majority of its citizens. Making of the Indian Constitution The Indian National Congress made a demand for a Constitutional Assembly in 1934.

After 12 years, the Indian Constitutional Assembly was convened in December 1946. The members of this Assembly were only Indians. This Assembly started drafting the Constitution for Independent India. Dr. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constitution drafting committee. It is the longest written constitution of any independent nation in the world, containing 395 articles, 12 schedules and 83 amendments. It declares India to be a sovereign, democratic republic and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of the government and duties of citizens.

The 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on the January 24, 1950. Two days later, on January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India became the law of all the Indian lands. Jawaharlal Nehru signing the Constitution of India
Solution Federalism:- means more than one level of government in the country. India has a 3 tier government. India needs a 3 tier government because of the diverse religious and cultural composition of its citizens.

A government at the centre alone could not be effective for every one. Separation of Powers :- In order to prevent the misuse of power by the elected representative the constitution advocate Separation of powers. Each branch of the government has its powers fixed by the Constitution. The Constitution ensures that a balance of power is maintained between the Legislature Executive and the Judiciary. Fundamental Rights :- Fundamental Rights guarantees the rights of individuals against the State as well as against other individuals.

It protects minority communities and guarantees rights against the majority. Parliamentary Form of Government :- In a Parliamentary form of government the constitution guarantees universal adult franchise for all citizens. That is, all adults have a right to vote, irrespective of whether they are poor or rich, educated or uneducated, a Hindu, Muslim or a Christian. The idea of universal adult franchise is based on equality.