why do we import food from other countries

TodayБs food travels thousands of miles before it reaches customers. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend? Nowadays, an increasing number of food items offered in supermarkets are imported. Sometimes even quite ordinary food has travelled huge distances. I will explore the reasons for this tendency and discuss its benefits and drawbacks. While delicacy and spices have been internationally traded for centuries, todayБs global trade with low transportation costs and fewer trade barriers has encouraged
the importing of food in large quantities. In some places even everyday items and inexpensive food like pasta or vinegar can be imported more cheaply than being produced locally.

Consequently, supermarkets take advantage of this development. However, imported food comes at a high price for consumers, the local agriculture and the environment. First of all, some food will lose flavour and freshness when travelling by ship for weeks. For example, (comma here) fruit has to be shipped before fully ripe or additional preservatives have to be added to food. Secondly, local farmers may not be able to compete with the low cost of imported food. They will go out of business or stop growing local fruit or vegetable species at all. This can lead to less local variety in food offered.

Additionally, the transportation itself is harmful to the environment as it uses fossil fuels. For all of these reasons a quite vocal Бlocal foodБ movement has formed in recent years trying to promote and preserve food quality and local grown food. (I would not include this last sentence Б it detracts from your essay as it is not answering the question i. e. it is not an advantage or disadvantage). It can be argued, (no comma here) that imported food benefits consumers with low prices and more choice. Supermarkets can choose the least expensive supplier worldwide and offer food at a lower price to their customers.

Importing food also enables them to offer more choices, like exotic fruits and international food, to their customers. For example, in some countries it would be impossible to sell most kind of fresh fruits and vegetables in winter at all if they were not imported. All in all I think it is worth preserving local food and one should restrict importing foods to products unavailable like delicacy and unseasonable fruits. It will not be easy to reverse this trend, but if consumers choose local food over imported, it can help to make supermarkets decide to offer more local food again. Feedback: It's an excellent answer so there is little I can add to it.

Just be careful to keep on topic as per the sentence I identified in body paragraph 2. U. S. consumers demand variety, quality, and convenience in the foods they consume. As Americans have become wealthier and more ethnically diverse, the American food basket reflects a growing share of tropical products, spices, and imported gourmet products. Seasonal and climatic factors drive U. S. imports of popular types of fruits and vegetables and tropical products, such as cocoa and coffee. In addition, a growing share of U. S. imports can be attributed to intra-industry trade, whereby agricultural-processing industries based in the United States carry out certain processing steps offshore and import products at different levels of processing from their subsidiaries in foreign markets.

This data set provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U. S. ports and their origin of shipment. Data are from the U. S. Department of Commerce, U. S. Census Bureau. Food and beverage import values are compiled by calendar year into food groups corresponding to major commodities or level of processing. At least 10 years of annual data are included, enabling users to track long-term growth patterns.