why do we honour the unknown soldier

is a observed in the United States on November 11 each year to honor all those who have served in the military. On this day, we take time to honor all people who have served honorably in the military, both living and deceased veterans, in wartime and peacetime. All throughout history, millions of soldiers have died in battle in countless wars. Whenever possible, their remains are identified and sent home, so that their families can give them a proper. Sometimes, though, fallen soldiers remain unidentified. After, a movement began to honor unidentified soldiers with a single
that would contain the body of a single unknown. That one would then serve as a symbol of the of all the unknown soldiers who died in battle. Today, there are many such memorials around the world. Many of them have become frequently visited national monuments.


In the United States, the of the Unknowns (often called the " of the Unknown ") is located in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. The of the Unknowns has become a popular dedicated to American service members who have died unidentified. The of the Unknowns contains the remains of unidentified soldiers from several wars. The of the Unknowns is made of white marble. On its eastern side are three Greek figures that represent and. On its HERE RESTS IN HONORED GLORY AN AMERICAN On its northern and southern sides are that represent the six major battles of World War I. The of the Unknowns has been guarded Б 24 hours per day, 7 days per week Б since July 2, 1937. Even bad weather doesn't interrupt the watch. The of the Unknowns is guarded by the Guards, a special within the 3rd U. S. (also called "The Old Guard").


It is an extremely high honor to serve as a Guard. Fewer than 20 percent of volunteers are accepted for training, and of those only a few pass the training to become a Guard. When watching over the of the Unknowns, the Guards follow a detailed A walks 21 steps across in front of the of the Unknowns. The holds his weapon on the shoulder opposite the. On the 21st step, the turns and faces the for 21 seconds. The turns in the opposite direction and changes his weapon to his outside shoulder. After waiting another 21 seconds, the walks another 21 steps back across in front of the, and the process repeats until the changing of the guard. The number 21 is significant, because it represents the three volleys Б the highest honor given to any military personnel in America Б which consists of seven riflemen each firing three shots for a total of 21.


At the base of the Arch de Triomphe stands a torch. Every evening at 6:30 P. M. it is rekindled, and veterans lay wreaths decorated with red, white and blue near its flickering flame. PP It burns in the darkness to recall the sacrifice of an unknown French soldier who gave his life during World War I. The idea for an unknown soldier to be honored in death in France was first initiated in 1916 while World War I was still being fought and the outcome in certain doubt. P On November 12, 1919, a year and a day after the end of World War I, the concept was given formal recognition and it was determined that the Unknown Soldier would be laid to rest at the Pantheon.


P (The Pantheon is a famous Neoclassical building in Paris that contains the remains of some of France's most famous citizens and leaders. ) The following year, after a large-scale letter writing campaign, it was finally determined that the Unknown Soldier would be buried at the base of the Arc de Triomphe. P The legislation authorizing the memorial, passed unanimously, stated: ARTICLE 1:P The honors of the Pantheon will be rendered to the remains of one of the unknown soldiers who fell on the field of honor during the 1914-1918 war. The transfer of the remains will be solemnly made on 11 November 1920. ARTICLE 2:P The same day, the remains of the Unknown Soldier will be buried under the Arc de Triomphe. On November 10, 1920 at the Citadel of Verdun, Auguste Thien reviewed eight identical coffins, each bearing the remains of an unknown French soldier who had been killed during the Great War.


P Thien selected the sixth of the eight coffins, which was transported to Paris to rest in the chapel on the first floor of the Arc de Triomphe. P There the coffin remained until January 28, 1921 at which time the Unknown French soldier was laid in his permanent place of honor at the base of the Arc de Triomphe. On October 22, 1922 the French Parliament declared the eleventh day of November in each year to be a national holiday. P The following year on November 11, 1923 Andre Maginot, French Minister for War, lit the eternal flame for the first time. P Since that date it has become the duty of the Committee of the Flame to rekindle that torch each evening at twilight.