why do we get lower back pain

Lower back pain can be caused by a variety of problems with any parts of the complex, interconnected network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones, discs or tendons in the lumbar spine. Typical sources of low back pain include:
The bones, ligaments or joints may be damaged Learn more: An irritation or problem with any of these structures can cause lower back pain and/or pain that radiates or is referred to other parts of the body. Many lower back problems also cause back muscle spasms, which don't sound like much but can cause severe pain and disability.

While lower back pain is extremely common, the symptoms and severity of lower back pain vary greatly. A simple might be excruciating enough to necessitate an emergency room visit, while a might cause only mild, intermittent discomfort. See Identifying the symptoms and getting a diagnosis that pinpoints the underlying cause of the pain is the first step in obtaining effective pain relief. Younger adults (30 to 60 year olds) are more likely to experience back pain from the disc space itself (e. g. or ) or from a back muscle strain or other soft tissue strain.

Older adults (over 60) are more likely to suffer from pain related to joint degeneration (such as or ) or from a. Most cases of low back pain do not require urgent care, but anyone should see a doctor immediately if low back pain is a result of trauma, or if pain is accompanied by any of the following symptoms: Sudden bowel and/or bladder incontinenceвeither difficulty passing urine or having a bowel movement, or loss of control of urination or bowel movement ( Severe, continuous abdominal pain ( Read In cases where immediate treatment is a required, physicians will investigate possible serious causes of the pain, including any type of spinal infection, tumor or fracture.

What Causes Chronic Pain?. in-article-nav. dsn { display: none; } can be caused by many different factors. Often conditions that accompany normal aging may affect bones and joints in ways that cause.

Other common causes are and injuries that fail to heal properly. Some kinds of chronic pain have numerous causes. , for example, may be caused by a single factor, or any combination of these factors: Being, which puts excess strain on the back and A congenital condition such as curvature of Ordinary aging of Disease can also be the underlying cause of chronic pain. , and are well-known culprits, but persistent pain may also be due to such ailments as, ulcers, AIDS, and disease.

In many cases, however, the source of chronic pain can be a very complex and even mysterious issue to untangle. Although it may begin with an injury or illness, ongoing pain can develop a psychological dimension after the physical problem has healed. This fact alone makes pinning down a single course of treatment tricky, and it is why providers often find they have to try a number of different types of curative steps.