why do refugees come to the uk
We re all familiar with the scare stories about asylum seekers flooding the UK. But how do these tales of mass invasion stand up against the statistical data? Have a look at some facts and figures. How many people in the UK are asylum seekers? There are an estimated 60 million people throughout the world who have been forced to flee their homes. The numbers of protracted conflicts have increased. This has created more than 15 million refugees worldwide - but developing countries host over 80 per cent of people. There are an estimated 117,234 refugees
living in the UK. That's just 0. 18 per cent of the total population (64. 1 million people).
How many asylum seekers came to the UK in 2015? The UK received 38,878 asylum applications (including dependents). This was less than Germany (431,000), Sweden (163,000), and Hungary (163,000). Just 45 per cent of cases were granted asylum and allowed to stay once their cases had been fully concluded. Many are initially refused because it is difficult to provide the evidence needed to meet the strict criteria of a refugee. Which countries do asylum seekers come from? Syria: 4. 2 million Afghanistan: 2. 6 million Somalia: 1. 1 million Sudan: 744,000 South Sudan: 641,000 In the eyes of much of the UK public, the terms refugee, asylum seeker and migrant have almost blurred into one.
This is far from the truth (and far from helpful). arrives in another country, whichever way they can has a legal right to stay in the country while awaiting a decision. can now stay here either long-term or indefinitely. must now leave the country, unless they wish to appeal the decision or there are legitimate reasons why they cannot yet return home. could be legally or illegally resident, depending on how they entered the country may or may not have a legal work permit.
Sources : Home Office, Immigration Statistics, Oct to Dec 2015; UNHCR mid-year report 2015; Office for National Statistics (mid 2013). Why are refugees entitled to bring their families to the UK? Refugees have a legal right, under UK and international law, to bring their families over to the UK to join them. Our figures show that at least 580 Syrian refugees came to the UK under a family reunion visa between January and September 2016, including 280 children. Many arrived directly from areas of conflict, including Aleppo. During the same period at least 487 refugee children from other countries, including Iraq and Sudan, arrived in the UK after being granted a family reunion visa.
Asylum seekers do not come to the UK to claim benefits. In fact, most know nothing about welfare benefits before they arrive and had no expectation that they would receive financial support. (Refugee Council, 2010) Most asylum seekers are living in poverty and experience poor health and hunger. Many families are not able to pay for the basics such as clothing, powdered milk and nappies. (, 2012, 2007) Almost all asylum seekers are not allowed to work and are forced to rely on state support this can be as little as 5 a day to live on.
Asylum seekers do not jump the queue for council housing and they cannot choose where they live. The accommodation allocated to them is not paid for by the local council. It is nearly always hard to let properties, where other people do not want to live. Asylum seeking women who are destitute are vulnerable to violence in the UK. More than a fifth of the women accessing our therapeutic services had experienced sexual violence in this country. (, 2012) Asylum Seekers do not receive more benefits than pensioners in UK (, 2012)
- Autor: KayleighHolden
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