why do the clocks change at 2am

hose in favour say that itP. In the 1980s, the golf industry estimated that one extra month of daylight savings could generate up to $400 million (S246. 6 million) a year in extra sales and fees. Daylight Savings Time affects everything fromPterrorism to the attendance at London music halls, voter turnout to street crime, gardening to the profits of radio stations, said David Prerau, author of
Saving the Daylight: Why We Put the Clocks Forward. This debate stretches years into the past, and the future of British time is still unclear. A massive wind-up for some. Spare a thought for the staff ofP. They spend over 50 hours adjusting over 1000 clocks spread across the official residences of The Queen. Following months of planning, staff at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh start work in the early hours of the morning to ensure that the time is set accurately.

There are 379 timepieces at Windsor Castle, 500 at Buckingham Palace and 80 at the Palace of Holyroodhouse including organ clocks, astronomical clocks, musical clocks and mechanical clocks. When the clocks first go back, mornings are lighter so ensure bedrooms are kept dark with black-out blinds or curtains. Alter bedtime by around 10 minutes over a few days beforehand to adjust to the new time. Maintain bedtime routines. Get ready for bed in the same order e. g pyjamas on, tooth brushing, toilet, bedtime story. Turn off all screens at least an hour before bedtime. Offer a milky, warm drink to encourage sleepiness and avoid stimulating food and drink in the hours before bedtime.

Make sure all the clocks are correct. Don't make this mum's mistake An added complication for Royal servants between the years 1901 to 1936 was the concept of 'Sandringham Time' which was introduced in by Albert, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII. A keen fan of shooting, he wanted to make the most of winter daylight, so he ordered all clocks on the estate to be set half an hour fast. The tradition was continued by King George V after he acceded to the throne in 1925 but King Edward VIII abolished it in 1936 shortly before his abdication. Clocks in Britain will go back by one hour on Sunday, 30 October, bringing an end to Daylight Saving Time, otherwise known as British Summer Time. The clocks change at 2am on the last Sunday of October, meaning there is less daylight in the evenings and more in the mornings.

During British Summer Time, where clocks were set one hour ahead from the last Sunday in March, there is more daylight in the evenings and less in the mornings. When the clocks go back, the UK is back on Greenwich Mean Time. What is the history behind the clock change? British Summer Time was first established by the Summer Time Act in 1916, after a campaign by a builder called William Willett. He was reportedly irritated with the "waste" of daylight in the early mornings of summer and suggested the change in 1907, publishing a pamphlet called The Waste of Daylight. New Zealander George Vernon Hudson, an insect specialist, first proposed the modern idea of daylight saving in 1895. Hudson spent his leisure time collecting insects, so favoured longer daylight hours when he could do so.

He presented the idea of a two-hour daylight saving shift and presented it in a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society. Supporters of moving the clocks backwards and forwards argue that it saves energy, promotes outdoor leisure activity in the evening in summer, and is therefore good for physical and psychological health, reduces crime and is good for business. Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents has argued that lighter evenings would reduce the number of accidents. In 1968 and 1971, BST was employed all year round as an experiment. In October 1970, an analysis of road accident data published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office suggested there had been a substantial fall in the number of casualties in the evening.

However, the period in which the research was taken coincided with the introduction of drink-driving legislation and the estimates were modified in 1989. What do critics say? Opponents say moving the clocks permanently forward by an hour would also bring the UK in line with Central European Time, which means Britain would work during the same business hours as other European cities. Some say changing the clocks is also economically and socially disruptive. As conserving energy was originally one of the main reasons the clocks were pushed forward, studies have shown keeping BST is still beneficial. In 2007, research by the University of Cambridge found an extra daily hour of sunlight in winter could save бе485m ($593. 18m) each year as people are less reliant on electricity.