why do teenage mothers drop out of school
Out of high school drop outs, pregnant teens are the most likely to do so. Because of this, young teen mothers are more likely to encounter financial struggles and economic insecurity as they try to raise their child. According to a recent study, many pregnant teens and teen mothers report they would have stayed in school if they had received greater support from the adults at the school. Drop out rates among pregnant teens About 70 percent of all students who drop out of school early, do so because of teen pregnancy. The drop out rates among pregnant teens is 90 percent across the United States. Fortunately overall teen pregnancy rates are declining, which means drop out rates among pregnant teens are also declining in correlation. Pregnant teens who are Hispanic or black, or are from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds, are more likely to be among the teen population to drop out of school while pregnant.
About one million high school students become pregnant each year. Federal law does not allow expulsion of a pregnant teen, but does not prohibit transfer to another specialty program or school for pregnant teens. A recent study found that transferring pregnant teens to these special schools or programs was part of their decision to drop out. Teen pregnancy drop out prevention and solutions to the problem: While shipping a pregnant teen to a different school to handle the problem has been found to not be the best solution. Many schools with teen pregnancy programs already instituted have found better results in keeping pregnant teens in school with higher rates of graduation among young teen mothers. According to one study, many pregnant teens miss frequent days of school due to medical appointments and. The study concluded that many schools with school-based health centers are a good solutions to helping keeping the teens in school while receiving the necessary medical treatment.
With programs like this installed in urban schools where the rates of teen pregnancy and pregnant teen drop out rates are higher, these numbers might go down even further, according to one study. One school district in York, Penn. , found their drop out rates among pregnant teens dramatically lower than the national average because the district provides unique services and programs for pregnant teens, which has shown to improve the overall health of teenage mothers and their children through educational efforts. Drop out rates among pregnant teens continues to decline, which is at about a 9. 5 percent drop out rate for pregnant teens compared to the 90- percent national average. Sources: archpedi. ama-assn. org, query. nytimes. com, aclu-wa. org, ncbi. nlm. nih. gov
Is this program or policy in use in your community?
Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers typically offer multiple services such as remedial education, vocational training, case management, health care, transportation assistance, and child care. Some dropout prevention programs focus on attendance monitoring interventions, which can include contingencies or financial incentives for mothers to attend school, for example, making welfare receipt contingent on school attendance. Dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are usually comprehensive and intense and last about a year. Such programs are also usually conducted in multiple community settings rather than exclusively at school ( ). In 2014, there were 24. 2 births for every 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 19. Nationwide, half of all teenage mothers do not graduate from high school ( ).
There is strong evidence that dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers, specifically multi-service programs and attendance monitoring programs, increase graduation rates (, ). Multi-service programs substantially increase the likelihood that teenage mothers will graduate from high school, with or without financial incentives to bolster attendance. On average, such programs increase graduation rates by 11 to 13 percentage points (, ). Attendance monitoring and contingency programs that include mentoring services also increase graduation rates among pregnant and parenting students by 12 percentage points, on average ( ). ). Teen-Tot programs that offer counseling and medical care have been shown to help mothers graduate, decrease repeat pregnancies, and improve infant health outcomes in some circumstances ( ).
Implementation challenges can reduce the effectiveness of dropout prevention programs for pregnant or parenting students. Low program attendance and completion rates, administrative challenges (e. g. , staffing, record access, eligibility, or bonus/sanction processing), and staff reluctance to discuss sexual behavior and birth control use with teen participants are common challenges to program implementation ( ). Various dropout prevention programs for teenage mothers are implemented in school districts and communities across the country ( ). In 2010, 17 states received federal funding through pregnancy assistance grants for dropout prevention and continuing education efforts that support pregnant and parenting teens ( ). In 2014, there were 18. 1 births for every 1000 Wisconsinite women between the ages of 15 and 19 ( ). * Journal subscription may be required for access.
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