why do pores enlarge as we age

Sometimes it seems as though we can never win when it comes to our skin. When we are younger many of us had to deal with acne; as we grow older, many of us still deal with acne, often accompanied by wrinkles, rosacea and enlarged pores. While wrinkles, acne and rosacea can generally be treated successfully with various types of anti-aging/acne treatments and redness creams, pore size is genetically determined. There are many factors that can exaggerate pore size and make them appear larger than they actually are, but nothing will truly БshrinkБ them permanently. Each month our skin gradually goes through a natural shedding process known as desquamation - which remains consistent until we reach our 30s.

Dead skin, oils and debris that sit on the surface of our skin will often become trapped in our pores. Because our skin is quite elastic, our pores expand in order to accommodate that excess matter. While we are young, our skin sheds quite a bit of this excess buildup naturally so our pores remain relatively clean and clear. From the age of 30 on, our skin continues to renew itself but it takes a little longer than a month to do so. Due to the slowing of that natural shedding process as we age, the excess skin, oils and debris remain trapped in the pores and continue to build up, causing the pores to expand and making them appear much larger than they actually are.

Unfortunately, foundation and other makeup used to try and cover the problem can often worsen the situation over time. Regular exfoliation is key to keeping pores clean and appearing smaller Б especially as we age. If you are also dealing with adult acne or large pores, exfoliation can be beneficial for preventing further breakouts. Consider, a skincare duo that contains alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) that go deep into skin cells and break up the bonds that hold them together for optimum exfoliation. Your skin will look radiant and smooth, and your pores will be clear and less noticeable! This content is sponsored by DERMAdoctor. The author receives compensation for its creation.

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So what exactly causes large pores? Dermatologists have studied several factors, and there are three main causes: oily skin, age and sex [source: ]. Our bodies produce sebum, an oily substance we secrete to make the skin waterproof and to keep it from drying out. People who have naturally oily skin tend to have larger pores. This happens because when oil and dirt collect in your skin, your skin swells and your pores look larger than they normally would.

Some people may also associate large pores with severe acne, but this isn't always the case. Even though people with oily skin tend to be prone to acne, that doesn't mean acne is a secondary factor in the appearance of large pores. One reason for the misconception may be that small divots formed by acne scarring may look like enlarged pores. Another contributing factor is age. As you get older your skin loses its elasticity, which can cause your pores to look bigger. Sun damage, which typically accumulates with age -- the older you are, the more you've been exposed to the sun -- also affects the appearance of pores. It makes your skin thicken, causing skin cells to collect around the edges of your pores, which stretch them out.

The third main factor is sex. In general, males tend to have larger pores than females. Women might experience enlarged pores more often during hormonal changes, however, particularly during menstruation. Genetic predisposition may also be a contributing factor when it comes to pore size. If one or both of your parents have large pores, you might also have or eventually experience a similar condition. Since several of the factors that contribute to larger pores can't be changed, you may be wondering whether you can do anything about them. Read on to learn how you can help create the illusion of smooth skin.