why do people get addicted to cigarettes

Cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive. Even if you want to quit smoking, you may find it difficult because youre addicted to the effects of nicotine. Nicotine alters the balance of two chemicals, called dopamine and noradrenaline,Pin your brain. When nicotine changes the levels of these chemicals, your mood and concentration levels change. Many smokers find this enjoyable. The changes happen very quickly. When you inhale the nicotine, it immediately rushes to your brain, where it produces feelings of pleasure and reduces stress and anxiety. This is why many smokers enjoy the nicotine rush and become dependent on it. The more you smoke, the more your brain becomes used to the nicotine. This means you have to smoke more to get the same effect. When you stop smoking, the loss of nicotine changes the levels of dopamine and noradrenaline. This can make you feel anxious, depressed and irritable. Its normal to crave nicotine when you quit, as smoking provides an immediate fix to these unpleasant feelings. can be very strong, making it difficult to quit using just your willpower.

If you want to stop smoking, see your GP, who can refer you to an NHS Stop Smoking support service. These services offer the best support for people who want to give up smoking. Studies show that youre up toPfour times more likely to quit smoking if you do it through the NHS. NHS Stop SmokingPprogrammes can provide such asPnicotine patches and gum, or medicine treatments to help you stop smoking for free on prescription. They also provide counselling, support and advice. Find your nearest NHS Stop Smoking service from the PorPcall thePSmokefree nationalPhelpline to speak to a trained adviser, on 0300 123 1044 (England only). If you dont want to be referred to an NHS Stop Smoking support service, your GP can still provide treatment, support and advice to help you quit smoking. Read the answers to more.
Why is nicotine addictive? When you use tobacco products, nicotine is quickly absorbed into your bloodstream. Within 10 seconds of entering your body, the nicotine reaches your brain. It causes the brain to release adrenaline, creating a buzz of pleasure and energy.

The buzz fades quickly though, and leaves you feeling tired, a little down, and wanting the buzz again. This feeling is what makes you light up the next cigarette. Since your body is able to build up a high tolerance to nicotine, you ll need to smoke more and more cigarettes in order to get the nicotine s pleasurable effects and prevent withdrawal symptoms. This up and down cycle repeats over and over, leading to addiction. Addiction keeps people smoking even when they want to quit. Breaking addiction is harder for some people than others. Many people need more than one try in order to quit. Research suggests that children and teens may be especially sensitive to nicotine, making it easier for them to become addicted. The younger smokers are when they start, the more likely they are to become addicted. In fact, about three out of four high school smokers will become adult smokers. Why are cigarettes addictive? Cigarette makers know that nicotine addiction helps sell their products. Cigarettes today deliver more nicotine more quickly than ever before.

Tobacco companies also use additives and chemicals to make them more addictive. Why are smokeless tobacco products addictive? Nicotine, found in all tobacco products, is a highly addictive drug that acts in the brain and throughout the body. Dip and chew contain more nicotine than cigarettes. Holding an average-sized dip in your mouth for 30 minutes can give you as much nicotine as smoking three cigarettes. Using two cans of snuff a week gives you as much nicotine as someone who smokes one and a half packs of cigarettes a day. When happens when I quit? Tobacco and nicotine are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin. When you stop smoking or cutback your tobacco use, you experience withdrawal. When going through withdrawal you may experience: Nicotine withdrawal is short-lived and symptoms pass in time, usually less than a week. Withdrawal is the most uncomfortable part of quitting, but the real challenge is beating long-term cravings and staying away from tobacco. Learn more about quitting. (PDF - 2. 06MB)

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