why is my baby sick all the time
Most babies small amounts from time to time, and bring up some milk when they. This is known as possetting and is usually nothing to worry about. But if your baby is often sick, or if he vomits large quantities, it can be a cause for concern. Here are some possible causes of this type of vomiting. Reflux The long name for is gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). Babies get reflux because the muscular valve at the end of the food pipe, which keeps food in the stomach, is still developing. This means that when your baby s tummy is full, food and stomach acid can flow back up his food pipe. Reflux may cause your baby to bring up a little milk after a feed, and can also give him hiccups. He may occasionally cough after bringing up milk if a little has gone down the wrong way. This is normal and, as long as your baby is otherwise well, you don t need to worry. However, a more severe case of reflux can cause your baby to be sick, often after. He may cry and cough a lot too. If your baby isn t feeding well or seems upset, see your. She may prescribe an antacid designed for babies, or possibly a feed thickener that can be added to
or formula. Cow s milk allergy or intolerance If your baby s to cow s milk, it means his immune system reacts to cow s milk proteins. An means he has difficulty digesting lactose, which is the natural sugar found in milk. Cow s milk proteins and lactose are found in many. They ll also make their way into your if you eat or drink milk or other dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurt. If your baby has a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, he may vomit after feeding. It can be difficult to tell the difference between this and reflux. But if your baby has problems with cow s milk, he may also have: trouble If you re worried that your baby has problems with cow s milk, there are steps you can take. If you breastfeed your baby, you could ask your doctor about cutting cow s milk from for a while. If your baby s formula-fed, trying a hypoallergenic formula may help. Talk to your doctor before trying either of these, though. She ll want to check your baby s symptoms first, so she can be sure of what s causing them. If your doctor suspects that your baby does have a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, she may refer him to a specialist. A stomach bug If your baby s vomiting begins suddenly, or if he also has, he may have a tummy bug such as gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. If you think this could be the case, contact your doctor. She may ask for a sample of your baby s poo to find out the best way to treat your baby. Vomiting and diarrhoea mean your baby is losing precious fluids. These fluids must be replaced, to prevent. Give your baby sips of an oral rehydration solution (ORS), a few times an hour. Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to advise you about which solution is best for your baby. You can give it to him alongside his usual breastmilk or full-strength formula, and water.
An illness or infection Your baby may be vomiting because he has an infection or illness. If so, you may notice other signs of illness too, such as: a an It can also be a symptom of more serious illnesses such as, which require quick treatment. So take your baby to the doctor straight away if you re at all concerned. Pyloric stenosis This is a rare condition that can cause your baby to vomit forcefully within half an hour of feeding. Pyloric stenosis is most likely to begin when your baby is about six weeks old, but could show up at any time before he reaches. It can sometimes run in families, and boys are about four times more likely to get it than girls. Pyloric stenosis happens because the muscle controlling the valve leading from the stomach into the intestines has thickened. This prevents the valve from opening up enough to let food and milk through, so it stays in the stomach or comes back up. The problem is easily corrected with minor surgery. See your doctor if you think your baby has pyloric stenosis. Learn more in our article. Is it normal for my baby to vomit? It s common for babies to vomit often in the early weeks as they and as their bodies develop. You can tell when your baby is vomiting, rather than just (possetting), because there will be a lot more coming out. Vomiting can be frightening for your baby, so he s likely to cry. Everything from to indigestion can cause your baby to be sick. Even a prolonged bout of crying or coughing can trigger this reflex. So you may see quite a lot of vomiting in your baby s first few years. An attack of vomiting will generally subside six hours to 24 hours after it starts. Your baby shouldn t need any particular treatment, apart from drinking plenty to ensure he stays. As long as your baby seems otherwise healthy and continues to gain weight, there s usually no need to worry. Trust your instincts, though, and call your GP if you are worried. When should I worry? During your baby s first few months, vomiting is probably caused by mild feeding problems, such as his tummy being too full. After the first few months, a sudden onset of vomiting is more likely to be caused by a tummy infection, such as gastroenteritis. This type of infection is often accompanied by. a a an A can sometimes cause vomiting. If your baby stops eating the food that triggers an allergic reaction, he may stop being sick. However, make an appointment with your doctor before removing foods from your baby s diet. Occasionally, vomiting can be a symptom of more serious illnesses. Call your doctor if you notice any of the following warning signs in your baby: Signs of dehydration, including a dry mouth, lack of tears, sunken, floppiness, and fewer wet nappies than usual (fewer than six nappies a day). or drink his formula milk. Vomiting for more than 12 hours, or vomiting with great force.
A non-blanching, which is a rash that doesnвt fade when the skin is pressed. Sleepiness or severe irritability. A bulging fontanelle. Shortness of breath. A swollen abdomen. Blood or bile (a green substance) in the vomit ( see below ). Persistent forceful vomiting in a newborn within half an hour of eating ( see below ). Blood or bile in the vomit: This is usually nothing to worry about if your baby was well before he vomited. It may happen when the force of regurgitation causes tiny tears in the blood vessels lining the food pipe. Your baby s vomit may also be tinged with red if he has swallowed blood from a cut in his mouth, or has had a nosebleed in the past six hours. However, call your doctor if your baby continues to have blood in his vomit or if the amount is increasing. The doctor will probably want to see a sample of the vomit if it contains blood or bile, so, although it may be an unpleasant task, try to save some. Green bile can indicate that the intestines are blocked, a condition that needs immediate attention. Persistent or forceful vomiting in a newborn within half an hour of eating: This may be due to pyloric stenosis, which is a rare condition. Pyloric stenosis is most likely to begin when your baby is a few weeks old, but could show up at any time before he reaches four months. This causes your baby to vomit. The problem is simple to remedy with minor surgery, but it does require immediate medical attention. How should I deal with vomiting? Usually, vomiting is nothing to worry about, and soon gets better. Here s what you can do to help your baby recover: Keep him hydrated: When your baby vomits, he s losing precious fluids. It s important to replace them so he doesn t get. To do this, you may be able to give him sips of oral rehydration solution (ORS), a few times an hour, alongside his usual breastmilk or full-strength formula, and water. Check with your pharmacist or health visitor before trying this, though. Don t give your baby fruit juices or. Ease him back into his routine: If your baby hasn t vomited for 12 hours to 24 hours, you can begin moving back to his usual diet. But keep giving him plenty of fluids such as his usual milk. If your baby is eating solid foods, start with easy-to-digest foods such as cereal or yoghurt. You can also try using frozen clear liquids, such as ice lollies, if your child is over 12 months. Help him rest: Sleep may also help to settle your baby. The stomach often empties into the intestines during sleep, relieving his need to vomit. Don t give your child anti-nausea medicines (prescription or over-the-counter), unless your GP has prescribed them. If your baby attends childcare or, keep him at home until at least 48 hours after his last episode of vomiting. If your baby often brings up small amounts of milk, learn more about. Also discover how to tell whether your baby s getting enough or.
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